1 Truti = 300th of a second (The time taken to tear apart the softest petals of a lotus is called ‘TRUTI’)
2 Truti = 1 Lub (lamha)
2 Lub = 1 Kshana
30 Kshana = 1 Vipal
60 Vipal = 1 Pal
60 Pal = 1 Ghadi (24 minutes)
24 Hora = 1 Divas (1 day)
7 Divas = 1 saptaah (1 week)
4 Saptaah = 1 Maas (1 month)
2 Maas = 1 Rutu (1 season)
6 Rutu = 1 Varsh (1 year)
100 Varsh = 1 Shataabda (1 century)
10 Shataabda = 1 sahasraabda
432 Sahasraabda = 432,000 years = 1 Yug (Kaliyug)
2 Yug = 1 Dwaaparyug
3 Yug = 1 Tretaayug
4 Yug = 1 Kritayug
10 Yug = 1 Mahaayug (4,320,000 years)
1 MANVANTAR = 71 MAHAYUG = 4,320,000 X 71 = 306,720,000 YEARS
1 Kalpa = 1 day and night of Brahma = approx 14 MANVANTAR = 1000 Mahaayug = 10, 000 Yug = 4,320,000,000 Years
The life of Brahma is considered 100 Brahma-years = 4,320,000,000 x 360 x 100 = 155,522 billion human years !!! And we are in the first day of the 51st year of our current Brahma-year.
In fact the macro cycle of Veda is based on Precession of the equinoxes because the earth’s axis is not stationary, but spins around and completes one revolution about each 25,920 years.
In the Rig Veda, the most ancient of the Vedic texts, I:164 we read of the ’12-spoked wheel in which the 720 sons of Agni (stars) are established’ (12×720=8,640 which is 2 x 4,320). Also, in the Rig Veda, there are 10,800 stanzas.
Each stanza is made of 40 syllables with the result that the entire composition contains 432,000 syllables (which is length of Kali yuga in years).
108 are also the beads in sacred rosary and usually 40 rotations of rosary are done for completing any sacred japa (repetition of mantra); 40×108 = 4,320!
On a separate note, the angle of Great Pyramid of Ghiza is 51° 51′ 14″ which in the decimal number reflects to 51.85399° or the fractal halved to that of 25,926.995 years (51,85399/2=25,926.995). To me, Vedas are the equivalent of Great Pyramid that is received by the spirit of sages in meditative awareness and built using Sanskrit.
Currently we are in the first day of the 51st year of our current Brahma-year. Kalpa (1 day and night of Brahma) consist of 4,32,00,00,000 years and out of these 1,972,949,101 years have passed. The present period is passing through the seventh Manvantara (There are 14 Manvantaras in one Kalpa) called Vaivaswata Manvantara. Therefore, the earth’s existence, according to the calculations devised by our ancient sages, comes up to 1,972,949,101 years till date.
The present Kali Yuga started on Bhadrapada, Krishnapaksha -13th day, in Vyatipaat yoga at midnight, in the Aashlesha Nakshatra. In 2000 AD, the age of current Kali Yuga has been fixed as 5101 years as till date that is Vikram Samvat 2057 = Shaka 1922.
So, as per Veda we have approx another 427,000 years before the end of present Kali Yuga and another 2 billion years before the present day of Brahma ends, then Pralaya (dissolution) will happen and cosmos enters into dark-night, everything is dissolved in Shunya or Great Void and re-created with the beginning of new day of Brahma or Kalpa. And we have 49 Brahma-years (76,205 billion years) to go before Maha-Pralaya (Grand Dissolution) i.e. end of life present Brahma when all the souls will have chance to return back to eternal home before another Brahma takes birth and new cycle begins. Vedas also say that Lord Hanuman (the ‘Son of Wind’ and an icon of “fearless devotion for the Avatar of Divine Consciousness”) will be the next Brahma (I am currently researching on this and yes, that also means there are cycles of Brahma as well).
Sri Yukteswar Giri (the Teacher for Yogananda Paramahansa) sees the cycle of Yugas through diffrent range of numbers. According to him, “the astronomers and astrologers who calculated the almanacs were guided by the false annotations of certain Sanskrit scholars such as Kullu Bhatta. As a result, falsely maintained that the length of Kali Yuga is 432,000 years, of which 4994 would have elapsed as of 1894, leaving 427,006 years remaining.” Yukteswar Giri declares this “A dark prospect! And fortunately one not true.” He himself offers an astronomical explanation for a shorter cycle in which Kali Yuga that lasts only 2,400 years. His explanation is more closely aligned with cycel of Ages that is based on Precession.
Based on Precession of the equinoxes, the Ages (every 2,160 the age will change) after the 10,000 BC are:
10000 – 8000 BC : Age of Leo
8000 – 6000 BC : Age of Cancer
6000 – 4000 BC : Age of Gemini
4000 – 2000 BC : Age of Taurus
2000 – 1 BC : Age of Aries
1 – 2000 AD : Age of Pisces
2000 AD onward : Age of Aquarius
Two main ancient Vedic epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata, deal with nothing but the culture and lifestyle of the four main Ages before 2000 B.C. Those ages are the Age of Leo, the Age of Cancer, the Age of Gemini, and finally the Age of Taurus.
The Vedic scripture Ramayana tells us of the Kings who ruled in the Age of Leo, and reveals that they all considered themselves Suryavanshi, meaning the direct descendants of the Sun. And now we are entering in Age of Aquarius. This is the age where man will have to unfiy the polarities (of male/female, dark/light, good/bad, right/wrong etc) to become whole.
Mystically, Aquarius signifies divine friendship. Friendship in its most elevated and deepest sense — with understanding, collaboration, and ‘turely seeing their essence’. Love and friendship will have nothing to do with ‘owning’ or ego. The idea of love meaning “you belong to me” ends in the New Age.
Irrespective of whether you follow the cycle of Precession (2160 years) or cycle of 432,000 years, they both indicate that rhythmic cycles of creation and dissolution (Lila) will contines through time until the karma (karma is that which creates re-action and it’s root is fear) of all the souls have resolved, i.e. everyone will eventually return home.
I know for the fact that Hindus, Jains and Buddhists have no difficulty in believing reincarnation/transmigration or continuation of life after death, for others I offer the following words of Jesus of Nazareth to think (from King James Bible), Mathew 16: When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets. He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. So, if people at the time of Jesus or if Jesus did not believe in reincarnation/transmigration or continuation of life after death then why will his disciples suggest the posiblity that he may be (reincarnation of) “Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets”?
And if we believe in reincarnation/transmigration or continuation of life then we have two choice either wait and let Time do it for us (a very long ride) or follow the path of Love as mystics have done and realized that essence of our Self, is Love, which is not bound by time.
Ek ghadi, aadhi ghadi, adhi mey puni aadh;
Tulasi sangat sadh ki hare koti aparadh. ~ Tulsi
[a 9 min meeting of Love with a True Saint can release one from 100 million negative re-actions. ~ Tulsi]
To see a World in a Grain of Sand
And a Heaven in a Wild Flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour. ~ W. Blake
The seeker of love escapes the chains of birth and death.
The earthly body can soar through the skies
The mountain springs up and starts to dance ~ Rumi
If someone asks
“The east edge of
The Milky Way.” ~Ryokan